Prisons and Jails

 Essay on Prisons and Jails

" Jail" diverts here. Intended for other uses, see Jail (disambiguation). For other uses, see Prison (disambiguation).

This content has multiple issues. You should help improve that or talk about these issues on the talk webpage. This article requirements additional details for confirmation. (October 2012) The illustrations and perspective in this article deal primarily together with the United States , nor represent a worldwide view from the subject. (January 2012) Criminology

and penology

Theory[show]

Types of criminal offenses[show]

Penology[hide]

Prevention Prison

Penitentiary reform Captive abuse

Prisoners' rights Rehabilitation

Recidivism Retributive justice

Incapacitation

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A jail (from Outdated French prisoun),[1] also known as gaol or imprisonment, is a place in which folks are physically restricted and usually starving of a array of personal freedoms. Imprisonment or incarceration can be described as legal penalty that may be enforced by the state for the commission of your crime. Additional terms applied are penitentiary, correctional service, remand middle, detention middle, and gaol or imprisonment. In some legal systems a few of these terms have got distinct connotations. A criminal suspect that has been billed with or is likely to be billed with criminal offense may be organised on remand in jail if he or she can be denied or perhaps unable to meet conditions of bail, or perhaps is unable or unwilling to publish bail. A criminal accused may also be saved in prison while awaiting trial or a trial verdict. In the event found responsible, a defendant will be found guilty and may receive a custodial phrase requiring imprisonment. As well as found guilty or suspected criminals, prisons may be used intended for internment of the people not billed with a offense. Prisons may also be used as a device of personal repression to detain political prisoners, criminals of conscience, and " enemies of the state", especially by severe regimes. Much more war or conflict, criminals of warfare may also be held in prisons. A prison product is the organizational arrangement from the provision and operation of prisons. Contents [hide]

1 Background

2 Design and style and establishments

2 . one particular Facilities

2 . 2 Jail design

three or more Security levels

3. you England and Wales

3. 2 Us

4 Particular types of prison

some. 1 Juvenile

4. two Military

5. 3 Political

4. 5 Psychiatric

a few Population statistics

6 Observe also

7 References

almost 8 Further browsing

9 External links

History [edit]

The Huntsville Device (also called " The Walls" ) of the Arizona Department of Criminal Proper rights in Huntsville, Texas. Texas' execution chamber is located in this unit

For most of history, imprisoning has not been a punishment in itself, but rather ways to confine bad guys until a punishment (often corporal or capital punishment) was used. There were prisons used for detention in Jerusalem in Older Testament instances, and the Holy book details the imprisonment of Joseph in Egypt.[2] Dungeons were accustomed to hold criminals; those who are not killed or perhaps left to die presently there often started to be galley slaves or experienced penal transportations. In other circumstances debtors were often chucked into debtor's prisons, until they paid out their gaolers enough profit exchange for any limited degree of freedom. Just in the 19th century, from Britain, do prisons since known today become commonplace, however institutions dating previous into the 16th century in the Netherlands (Rasphuizen)are the first instances of organizations for the key purpose of confining offenders. The ultra-modern prison program was born in London, influenced by the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham. Bentham's panopticon introduced the principle of observation and control that underpins the appearance of the modern penitentiary. The notion of prisoners getting incarcerated within their punishment and not simply like a holding point out until trial or dangling, was at time revolutionary. This is how prisons experienced begun to be used because criminal rehab centers. The uk practiced presidio transportation of convicted scammers to penal colonies in the British Empire, in the Americas from the 1610s...

Sources: ^ " Prisons". Catholic Encyclopedia. New york city: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.

^ Taylor swift, Alan. American Colonies. Penguin: London(2001).

^ International Account of Women 's Prisons (144p), International Center for Jail Studies, April 2008

^ Report in the Surveyor-General of Prisons, Birmingham, 1844 reproduced in Mayhew, Criminal Prisons of London, uk, London, 1862

^ Walmsley, Roy (October 2010). " World Jail Population List (Ninth Edition)" (PDF). Recovered 2012-12-17.

^ " Inside America 's $37 billion dollars prison economy". CNNMoney. March 15, 3 years ago.

^ http://www.cnbc.com/id/44762286

^ Engdahl, Sylvia (2010)

Further examining [edit]

Carlson, Peter Meters.; Garrett, Judith Simon, Jail and Prison Administration: Practice and Theory, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1999.

Diiulio, John T., Governing Prisons: A Comparative Study of Correctional Supervision, Simon and Schuster, 1990. ISBN 0-02-907883-0.

World Jail Population List (fourth edition) UK Home Office, 2003. ISSN 1473-8406.

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