Handout: The Jury Program
I. Creation / History
Frequently claimed that the correct of a accused to choose trial by simply jury is definitely an ancient a single, enshrined in Magna Mapa. => In fact , there was no right to assert trial by jury right up until 1855. Administration of Proper rights Act 1855 => Allowed justices (with the agreement of the accused) to make an effort various petty thefts. The Summary Jurisdiction Act 1897 consolidated this earlier guidelines, listing these indictable offences, which (with the defendant's consent) could be tried summarily. Criminal Justice Act 1925 => Till this Action the list was increased. The Act included a much more intensive list of accidents, including: severe theft offences, assault occasioning actual bodily harm and certain forgery offences.
II. Variety / Framework of a Jury
Since September 2000, jurors are selected for jury service by computer. The Central Summoning Bureau choose jurors from electoral rolls, check for virtually any records of convictions, concern summonses and liaise with all the courts about how many jurors are required. No one has any power to affect this process.
The selection is random=> some individuals never get called, others may be referred to as several times A person's odds of doing court service throughout their lifetime will be about 15%
Consists of 6 or, mostly, doze persons.
USA => A jury is able to decide 11-1 on a decision.
England => A jury is able to decide 10-2 on a verdict.
III. Positive aspects / Disadvanteges
Efficient system, with many success
Provides an overview of public view
Character and honesty could be judged simply by ordinary individuals, it does not need legal expertise. With doze people it will have no biases
Slow. Some studies (e. g. fraud) can take many weeks or months. Young jurors don't have any life encounter.
For many cases legal expertise may be valuable
Can take a number of years to reach a verdict